$y=f(x)+c$ | is the graph of $f$ shifted $c$ units up |

$y=f(x)-c$ | is the graph of $f$ shifted $c$ units down |

$y=f(x+c)$ | is the graph of $f$ shifted $c$ units left |

$y=f(x-c)$ | is the graph of $f$ shifted $c$ units right |

$y=cf(x)$ | is the graph of $f$ stretched vertically by a factor $c$ |

$y=(\frac{1}{c})f(x)$ | is the graph of $f$ compressed vertically by a factor $c$ |

$y=f(cx)$ | is the graph of $f$ compressed horizontally by a factor $c$ |

$y=f(x/c)$ | is the graph of $f$ stretched horizontally by a factor $c$ |

$y=-f(x)$ | is the graph of $f$ reflected about the $x$-axis |

$y=f(-x)$ | is the graph of $f$ reflected about the $y$-axis |